Harmful Effects Of Alcohol Addiction

Alcohol abuse

Alcohol abuse happens when you drink too much at one time and very often. People drink for different reasons which include coping with difficulties, avoiding embarrassing situations and, to relax, socialize, and celebrate. For most adults today, moderate alcohol is not harmful but it is not easy to realize when your drinking levels have crossed the line from moderate to a problem drinking. Increase alcohol abuse will increase alcohol cravings and consumption as a result leading to alcohol addiction.

Alcohol addiction

Alcohol addiction happens when a person becomes psychologically and physically dependent on alcohol to a point that he/she can’t function without it. Alcohol affects certain neurotransmitters in the brain, as a result, the brain becomes habituated to the way alcohol affects the brain chemicals, so it is unable to send the proper signals to the rest of the body in absence of alcohol in the system.

Effects of alcohol addiction

Alcohol addiction is a serious problem that has caused either directly or indirectly millions of deaths every year all around the world. Below are some of the harmful effects of alcohol addiction.

1. Brain damage

Continued consumption and abuse of alcohol cause the death of brain cells which can results in brain disorders, for example, lower level of mental function, brain shrinking, and hippocampus which causes problems in learning, mood, or memory. Alcohol consumption interferes with the frontal cortex area of the brain which is responsible for higher functioning and reasoning capabilities of an individual.

2. Digestion system complications

Long-term consumption of alcohol can damage the tissues and lining of the digestive tract making it weak. It also prevents the intestines from proper absorption of vitamins and nutrients and digestion of food. This can lead to malnutrition, thereby causing the individual’s body to be weak and not function properly. It can also lead to effects like gassing, ulcers, diarrhea, anemia, and bloating.

3. Inflammation damage of body organs

Alcohol consumption also affects important body organs like the heart, liver, pancreas, and lungs among others. Studies have proven that individuals who drink alcohol are at higher risk of heart complications and other important organs of the body. Most common complications include high blood pressure, heart disease, heart failure, liver damage(leads to cirrhosis), and pancreatitis(an inflammation of the pancreas).

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4. Sexual and reproductive health complications

Studies have proven that alcohol has adverse effects on the sexual and reproductive system of an individual. Men who often drink too much alcohol are likely to experience erectile dysfunction, lower libido, and less production of the sex hormones. Women who drink alcohol are in greater risks of menstruation complications, infertility, and miscarriage among others.

5. Immune system complications

Studies claim that people who heavily consume alcohol over a long period of time often are more likely to develop immune system related health complications like tuberculosis than the general population. Heavy consumption of alcohol reduces the body’s natural immune systems. As a result, it makes it more difficult for the body fight off attacking germs and viruses in the body organs.

6. Death and injuries

Alcohol consumption increases death risks through car crashes, injuries, and suicide. It also has negative effects on the individual’s life, their friends, family, and other social relationships like employment.

Alcohol addiction treatment

Alcohol addiction is a very serious health condition that can affect many things in the affected person’s life. Though it’s possible to stop drinking, it’s likely to cause some withdrawal effects on the individual and can be life-threatening. Generally, it’s important to seek immediate medical attention for treatment. Wrong treatment techniques can cause adverse effects on individuals, for example, death.

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